Socialist Republic of Vietnam Claimed-July 2, 1976
After the Fall of Saigon, Northern and Southern Vietnam remained in a relatively non-unified state until it was officially unified on July 2, 1976, more than a year after Saigon fell. Yet the country immediately faced difficulties- a large portion of the southern populace was homeless, and another portion wounded or killed due to the war, plus many other difficulties. In order for the country to progress, it needed to revamp commerce and industry in both the north and south. Political turmoil within the country, especially among Chinese citizens caused even more distress, and impeded the country’s process of implementing new economic policies. Soon, violence broke out on their borders, especially with Cambodia. Although the Vietnamese government essentially won this conflict and set up the government in Cambodia which was backed by Vietnam, they met resistance against a guerilla faction known as the Khmer Rouge. Soon, Vietnam was mainly opposed in the region, backed only by the Soviet Union and its allies. Although Vietnam had essentially won the war (there is a percentage of American Citizens who believe that the US was victorious in their involvement), they still had many problems, especially economic. They were finally unified under a communist government, but only in status. The country was still split for many of the veterans and citizens affected by the war, and unrest was rampant in the country.